Brazilian literature began in the 16th century, according to available historical records. Many earlier Brazilian writers have influenced other writers and literary works throughout the centuries and offered incredible insight into numerous aspects of the great Brazilian culture.
The first document that was produced during the colonial period and can be considered Brazilian literature is the Pero Vaz de Caminha’s letter that is a descriptive account of the wonders of Brazil. The 17th and 18th-century journals of travelers and descriptive treaties on “Portuguese America” controlled literary creation during this period. In the late 17th century, Gregoria de Matos was the first native Brazilian Author to appear in the literary world. He is accredited for the creation of a considerable amount of secular, religious, and satirical poetry.
Neoclassicism was extensive throughout the mid-18th century, and most of the content was in the pastoral genre. The most famous poetry writers, all involved in an insurgency against the colonial rule during this age, were Tomas Antonio Gonzaga, Manuel Inacio de Silva Alvarenga, and Claudio da Costa.
Following the colonial period, Romanticism cropped in and started significantly influencing Brazilian literature in 1836, through the efforts one of the famous writers poet Domingo’s Jose Goncalves de Magalhaes. Initially, the period was characterized by its exaggerated effect, the first introduction of colloquial language, a celebration of nature, and nationalism. Renowned novelist such as Joaquim Manuel de Macedo andJose de Alencar wrote and published their work in the newspapers and became national celebrities. Another phase of this era started around 1850 and was centered in morbidity and death. The two main Brazilian authors Antonio Dias and Antonio Alves initiated a new dimension into the emerging “Brazilianism” by promoting patriotism.
Realism then emerged in the mid-19th century. It was marked with a new type of prose writing that appeared with many social transformations that took unusual significance due to the efforts of Machado de Assis and Euclides da Cunhataht. Throughout the Pre-modernism period, no clear dominance of any style emerged. Brazilian authors Monteiro Lobato, Simoes Lopes Neto, and Lima Barreto showed distinct modernity.
Today’s Brazilian literature is focused on city life and all its aspects such as loneliness, politics, and media freedom. Leading contemporary writers such as Rubem Fonseca and Sergio Sant’Anna has written books on this subject. Jaime Dias is another contemporary writer who has demonstrated adequate understanding of the needs of the current Brazilian literature world.
Jaime Dias was born to very educated parents in Rio de Janiero about 45 years ago. He was very interested in literature and started the journey of producing his fist book when he was only fifteen years of age. Today, having published over 20 books, he joins the long list of Brazilian writers who have won many high-status awards for their works.